In early December 1891, a unique sport known as basketball was invented by the Canadian born Dr. James Naismith. He was also a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School (YMCA), which is today known as Springfield College and located in Springfield, Massachusetts. In an effort to keep his students active on rainy days, Naismith created the vigorous indoor game to keep the young men occupied during the long New England winters. Legend has it that after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, Dr. James Naismith wrote the basic rules of the game of basketball, in which he nailed a peach basket onto the ten-foot elevated track, creating the first basketball hoop. The first official basketball game was played in the YMCA gymnasium on January 20, 1892 with nine players, on a court just half the size of a present-day NBA court. The name “Basket ball” was suggested by one of Naismith’s students and was popular from the beginning of its creation.